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Theophrastus (371 BC - 287 BC), ancient Greek scientist: father of botany.
Abu Hanifa ad-Dinawari (828 AD -896 AD) Persian-Muslim polymath, astronomer and botanist: founder of Arabic botany.
Ibn al-Baitar (1188–1248): Andalusian-Arab botanist and author of one of the largest botanical encyclopedias.
Leonhart Fuchs (1501–1566), German physician: wrote about the medicinal uses of plants.
Robert Hooke (1635 - 1703), English naturalist: using an early microscope discovered cells in living plant tissue.
Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778): Swedish botanist, the father of modern taxonomy.
David Douglas (1799–1834): Scottish botanical explorer of North America and China, who imported many ornamental plants into Europe
Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (1778–1841), Swiss botanist: originated the idea of "Nature's war", which influenced Charles Darwin.
Charles Darwin (1809 - 1882), English naturalist and father of evolution theory by natural selection: showed that orchid's beauty was honed by natural selection to attract insect cross-pollinators.
Gregor Johann Mendel (1822–1884), Austrian scientist: father of genetics for his study of the inheritance of traits in pea plants.
Richard Spruce (1817–1893): English botanist and explorer who carried out a detailed study of the Amazon flora.
Luther Burbank (1849–1926): American botanist, horticulturist, and a pioneer in agricultural science.
Charles Sprague Sargent (1841–1927): American botanist, the first director of the Arnold Arboretum at Harvard University.
George Washington Carver (1864 - 1943), American Botanist: developed peanut crops and products; developed methods of crop rotation.
Barbara McClintock (1902 - 1992), American botanist: genetic structure of maize.
George Ledyard Stebbins (1906–2000), American botanist and geneticist: developed a comprehensive synthesis of plant evolution incorporating genetics.
Isabella Abbott (1919–2010), Hawaiian ethnobotanist: world's leading expert on Hawaiian seaweeds.
Famous Agriculture Scientists
Famous and Notable Horticulturists
Botanists - Elementary/Middle/High School Level
Some of Linnaeus' Students - Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation
Botanists - Fact Monster
Biographical Notes on Botanists Relevant to Australian Botany - Australian Government
Botanists - High School Level
List of botanists - Wikipedia
The Plant Explorers - PlantExplorers.com
The History of Gardening Timeline
Plant Trivia TimeLine - The Huntington Botanical Gardens