British Scientists and Inventors


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Charles Babbage (17911871) originated the concept of a programmable computer
George Boole (18151864) is the inventor of Boolean logic - the basis of modern digital computer logic
Robert Boyle (16271691): Boyle's law
Henry Cavendish (17311810): Weighing the Earth
Francis Crick (19162004): co-discoverer (with James D. Watson) of the structure of the DNA molecule, the double-helix, in 1953.
John Dalton (17661844): modern atomic theory and colour blindness
Charles Darwin (18091882): founder of the theory of evolution
Paul Dirac (19021984): fundamental contributions to quantum theory
Michael Faraday (17911867): Faraday's law of induction, Faraday's laws of electrolysis, Faraday cage
Rosalind Franklin (19201958): X-ray crystallographer who made critical contributions to the understanding of the molecular structures of DNA
Stephen Hawking (1942 -): black holes, cosmology
John Herschel (17921871: discovered seven moons of Saturn and four moons of Uranus.
Robert Hooke (16351703): Hooke's law of elasticity, microscopy, coined the word 'cell' for describing biological organisms
Edward Jenner (17491823): smallpox vaccine
James Clerk Maxwell (1831 - 1879): Maxwell's equations that describe the properties of electric and magnetic fields and their interactions with matter.
James Prescott Joule (18181889): First Law of Thermodynamics, Mechanical Equivalent of Heat
Joseph Lister (18271912): Surgical sterile techniques
Sir Charles Lyell (17971875): promoted the idea that the earth was shaped by slow-moving forces still in operation today (uniformitarianism).
Sir Isaac Newton (16421727): differential and integral calculus, universal gravitation, telescope, white light composition, mechanics
Joseph Priestley (17331804): contributions to the discovery of oxygen and photosynthesis
J. J. Thomson (18561940): discovery of electron
William Thomson (Lord Kelvin) (1824 - 1907): formulation of the first and second laws of thermodynamics
Alan Turing (19121954): Turing machine which played a significant role in the creation of the modern computer
Alfred Russel Wallace (18231913): independently proposing a theory of evolution due to natural selection that prompted Charles Darwin to publish his own theory.
Thomas Young (17731829): The Double Slit Experiment
British Scientists and Inventors - Elementary/Middle School Level
The Scottish Science Hall of Fame - The National Library of Scotland

British Scientists and Inventors - Middle/High School Level
Famous British Earth Scientists - about.com

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