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    Famous Indian Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
    K-12 Level





    Indian Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors

    Indian Physicists
    Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858 - 1937), Indian physicist and botanist: pioneered radio and microwave optics; made significant contributions to plant science and invented the crescograph: a device for measuring growth in plants.

    Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (1888 - 1970), Indian physicist: was the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 (the first Asian scientist to win the Nobel Prize) for the discovery that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the light that is deflected changes wavelength (Raman scattering, Raman effect).

    Sisir Kumar Mitra (1890 - 1963), Indian physicist: A pioneer in radio communication.

    Kariamanickam Srinivasa Krishnan (1898 - 1961), Indian physicist: the co-discover of Raman scattering for which C. V. Raman (see above) was awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics.

    Daulat Singh Kothari (1905–1993), Indian physicist: The architect of defence science in India

    Homi Jehangir Bhabha (1909 - 1966), Indian nuclear physicist: the chief architect of the Indian atomic energy program.

    Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai (1919 - 1971), Indian physicist: considered to be the father of the Indian space program; was also Homi Bhabha’s successor as chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission.

    Raja Ramanna (1925 - 2004), Indian physicist: India's most eminent nuclear physicist - best known for his leadership in directing the research of Indian nuclear programme in its early stages.

    Satyendra Nath Bose (1894 - 1974), Indian mathematician and physicist: collaborated with Albert Einstein in developing a theory regarding the gaslike qualities of electromagnetic radiation (Bose-Einstein statistics, Bose–Einstein condensate). The boson, elementary particle, is named after him.


    Indian Chemists
    Prafulla Chandra Ray (1861 - 1944), Indian chemist and entrepreneur: the founder of Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals, India's first pharmaceutical company.

    Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar (1894 - 1955), Indian chemist: significant contributions in physical chemistry: emulsions, colloids, kerosene refining and utilising petroleum waste.


    Indian Biologists
    Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858 - 1937), Indian physicist and botanist: pioneered radio and microwave optics; made significant contributions to plant science and invented the crescograph: a device for measuring growth in plants.

    Upendra Nath Brahmachari (1873 - 1946), Indian physician: the inventor of urea stibamine, the medicine for Kala-azar (a severe disease caused by parasites).


    Indian Earth Scientists and Geologists
    Darashaw Nosherwan Wadia (1883 - 1969), Indian geologist: pioneer of geological investigations in India

    Birbal Sahani (1891 - 1949), Indian paleobotanist: studied the fossils of the Indian subcontinent and founded the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany in Lucknow, India.

    Veerabhadran Ramanathan (1944 - ), Indian global warming scientist: found that a CFC (chlorofluorocarbon present in refrigerants, propellants, aerosols, freon, and solvents) molecule could be 10,000 times more effective in absorbing infrared radiation than a carbon dioxide molecule, making CFCs potentially important despite their very low concentrations in the atmosphere.


    Indian Mathematicians
    Srinivasa Aiyangar Ramanujan (1887 - 1920), Indian mathematician: a remarkable mathematical genius and autodidact who made extraordinary contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions.

    Prasanta Chandra Mahalanbis (1893 - 1972), Indian applied statistician: best remembered for the Mahalanobis distance, a statistical measure, which is instrumental for the design of large scale sample surveys; founded the Indian Statistical Institute.

    Satyendra Nath Bose (1894 - 1974), Indian mathematician and physicist: collaborated with Albert Einstein in developing a theory regarding the gaslike qualities of electromagnetic radiation (Bose-Einstein statistics, Bose–Einstein condensate). The boson, elementary particle, is named after him.


    Space and Astronomy
    Meghnad Saha (1893 - 1956), Indian astrophysicist: best known for his development of the Saha equation, used to describe chemical and physical conditions in stars.

    Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910 - 1995), Indian-born American astrophysicist: won (with William A. Fowler) the 1983 Nobel Prize for Physics for key discoveries that led to the currently accepted theory on the later evolutionary stages of massive stars.

    Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (1931 - ), Indian aerospace engineer: the first Chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram (IIST); served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007.


    Indian Scientists Biographies
    Indian Great Scientists
    Biographies of Scientists - Vigyan Prasar Science Portal
    Index of Ancient Indian mathematics - The MacTutor Archive - St Andrews
    Indian Scientists - calcuttaweb.com

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