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    Prisoner's Dilemma & Tit for Tat Winning Strategy
    Experiments, Studies, Articles, Theses and Dissertations
    For Science Fair Projects, Lesson Plans and Class Activities
    For Middle School, High School and College Students and Teachers

    Prisoner's Dilemma Experiments and Studies


      The prisoner's dilemma is a game in which two players may each cooperate with or betray the other player (prisoner). In this game, the rational choice leads the two players to betray each other even though each player's profit would be greater if they both cooperated.

      Tit for tat is a strategy used for the iterated prisoner's dilemma game. A player using this strategy will initially cooperate, then respond similar to the opponent's previous action. If the opponent previously cooperated then the player is cooperative too (tit for tat) and vice versa.

      Background Information

    • Prisoner's dilemma [View Resource]
    • Tit for tat [View Resource]
    • Prisoner's Dilemma [View Resource]
    • The iterated prisoner's dilemma [View Resource]
    • Prisoners' dilemma examples [View Resource]
    • Tit for tat [View Resource]

      K-12 Experiments, Lesson Plans and Science Fair Projects

    • Effects of age and gender on choices in the Prisoner's Dilemma game [View Experiment]
    • Does Information Affect Cooperation in the Prisoner's Dilemma [View Experiment]
    • Three Player Prisoner's Dilemma [View Experiment]
    • Prisoner's dilemma lesson plan [View Experiment]
    • Unit: What is cooperative negotiation? [View Experiment]
    • Play the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma [View Experiment]
    • Play the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma [View Experiment]

      College Experiments, Studies and Articles

    • Effective Choice in the Prisoner's Dilemma [View Experiment]
    • Multi-group, Multi-stage Prisoner’s Dilemma as an Exercise to Explore Inter-team Cooperation and Competition [View Experiment]
    • Human cooperation in the simultaneous and the alternating Prisoner's Dilemma: Pavlov versus Generous Tit-for-Tat [View Experiment]
    • Probability of Reciprocation in Repeated Prisoner’s Dilemma Games [View Experiment]
    • A forgiving strategy for the Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma [View Experiment]
    • Rational cooperation in the finitely. Repeated prisoner's dilemma: experimental evidence [View Experiment]
    • Human behavior in Prisoner’s Dilemma experiments suppresses network reciprocity [View Experiment]
    • On the spurious occurrence of Tit for Tat in pairs of predator-approaching fish [View Experiment]
    • Cooperative strategies in anonymous economies: an experiment [View Experiment]

      Theses and Dissertations

    • Emergent Cooperative Gameplay [View Thesis]
    • Steps toward a psychological calculus for game theory: application of a model of categorization to the repeated prisoner's dilemma [View Thesis]
    • Altered payoff values and the effect on a population of iterated prisoner's dilemma players [View Thesis]
    • Learning to Cooperate [View Thesis]
    • An Honest Invasion: A Study of Cooperative Behaviour [View Thesis]

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    Last updated: June 2013
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